Анализ правовой природы недостоверной информации как одного из видов информации

Анализ правовой природы недостоверной информации как одного из видов информации.
Механизмы защиты прав лиц, в отношении которых распространяется недостоверная информация

Мелихова Юлия Александровна — аспирант Академии адвокатуры Украины

УДК: 343.4


Articolul se referă la aspecte legate de difuzarea informațiilor false, stabilirea răspunderii legale pentru persoanele care încalcă legislația actuală «de informare» a Ucrainei și eliberarea acestor persoane de răspundere. Se definesc principalele modalități de difuzare a informației false și a mecanismelor nesigure de protecție a persoanelor, ale căror drepturi sunt încălcate în sfera relațiilor de informare. Principalele principii legislative ale relațiilor de informare sunt subliniate.
Principalele principii legislative ale relațiilor de informare sunt subliniate. Se analizează prevederile și anumite lacune ale legislației actuale ce reglementează drepturile și obligațiile subiecților relațiilor de informare.


The article analyzes the legal nature of misleading information as one of the types of information, discusses issues related to the dissemination of false information, the establishment of legal liability for individuals who violate an «information» law of Ukraine and release these persons from such liability. Define the concept of «false information». Special attention is given to ways of protecting the person whose rights in the sphere of information relations were violated. Some mechanisms for the protection of the rights of persons for whom misleading information is disseminated are presented.
Set out the basic legislative principles of information relations. Examined the provisions and some of the drawbacks of existing legal acts which regulate the rights and obligations of subjects of information relations. In this study attention is paid to the issues of violation of personal non-property rights of a natural person, in print or other media. Special attention is paid to the gaps in legislation in the field of information technology, namely on the issues of legislative regulation of liability for dissemination of false information on the Internet. Issues regarding the responsibility for dissemination of false information for the ordinary citizen, a legal entity, a professional journalist and the media. The article lists special exemption from legal liability, in particular for journalists and media representatives.
Reviewed existing national legislation and international legislation, ratified by Ukraine which regulate rights, obligations and rules of conduct for subjects of information relations, as well as the grounds and procedure of responsibility for individuals and legal entities, who cooperate in the sphere of information relations in Ukraine. Explained the difference between the disseminate of misleading information and the statement of value judgments.


В статье рассматриваются вопросы, связанные с распространением недостоверной информации, установлением юридической ответственности для лиц, нарушающих действующее «информационное» законодательство Украины и освобождением указанных лиц от ответственности. Определены основные способы распространения недостоверной информации и механизмы защиты лиц, чьи права в сфере информационных отношений нарушены. Изложены основные законодательные принципы информационных отношений. Проанализированы положения и некоторые пробелы действующего законодательства, регулирующего права и обязанности субъектов информационных отношений. Читать далее «Анализ правовой природы недостоверной информации как одного из видов информации»

Адвокатура Украины в контексте европейской правовой реформы. Проблемные вопросы, пути развития и усовершенствования

Мелихова Юлия Александровна — аспирант Академии адвокатуры Украины

УДК: 34.037


В статье рассматриваются вопросы, связанные с реформированием действующей системы адвокатуры в Украине. Проанализирован перечень типичных нарушений законодательно установленных гарантий профессиональной адвокатской деятельности, а также положения отечественного и международного законодательства, регламентирующие защиту прав адвокатов в процессе предоставления ними юридической помощи своим клиентам. Особое внимание уделено важности и необходимости внесения конкретных законодательных изменений в части сохранения независимости адвокатской профессии, неукоснительного соблюдения прав и гарантий адвоката, повышения качества и усиления профессиональных стандартов его работы.


The article deals with issues related to the reform of the current system of advocacy in Ukraine. The main principles and priorities of reforming the institution of the Bar are determined. The current Ukrainian and international legislative acts ratified by Ukraine are listed, which define the concept of «professional rights of lawyers» and «guarantees of advocacy», as well as regulate their protection. The necessity of creating a viable and effective complex system of legal remedies for lawyers’ rights is grounded in this work. Such a system should, firstly, consider issues of violation of rights and guarantees of lawyers and punish responsible persons for committed offenses and, secondly, to discourage and demotivate the commission of potential offenses against lawyers in the future. It must also cover the whole country territorially and be accessible to every lawyer.

The list of typical current violations of statutory guarantees for professional advocacy, as well as provisions of domestic and international legislation regulating the protection of lawyers’ rights in the process of providing them with legal assistance to their clients is analyzed. Also in this article the author gives reasons why the statement that every violation of professional rights and guarantees of a lawyer is at the same time a violation of the human rights of his client, — is true.
Particular attention is paid to the importance and necessity of making specific changes to some existing laws of Ukraine regarding the preservation of the independence of the advocate’s profession, strict observance of the rights and guarantees of the lawyer, improving the quality and strengthening the professional standards of its work. The importance of developing the activities of the National Bar Association of Ukraine as an all-Ukrainian professional organization that unites all advocates with the aim of ensuring the implementation of the tasks of the advocacy self-government іs stressed by author. Читать далее «Адвокатура Украины в контексте европейской правовой реформы. Проблемные вопросы, пути развития и усовершенствования»